The history of viticulture in Beltiug

The viticulture in Beltiug looks back on a multi-secular past, according to written evidence, though there are undocumented periods, and, according to a legend lost in the mists of time, the story starts in 1085. Pursuant to the stories told by the ancients, King Ladislaus the Saint, during a harsh battle that waged against the Pechenegs, rested at the border of the present-day settlement, where his soldiers brought him a wine-filled pumpkin. He wittily asked the soldiers what kind of pumpkin it was, and hence the name of Beltiug (in Hungarian Béltek - „bél" = interior, content, „tek" - variant of „tök" = pumpkin). In 1723 Count  Károlyi Sándor buys the whole estate from the Prépostváry family. In these times the county of Satu Mare is referred to as the seat of Bacchus, to such an extent had the viticulture and the production of wine flourished. In 1730, upon the count's advice, Beltiug was settled by Swabians from Oberschwaben(Germany), where they are granted vineyards for which they exempt from taxes for a period of two years.

The variety composition, too, has changed a lot along the centuries, what we know for sure is that earlier people cultivated Furmint, Bakator rouge, Riesling and Chasselas, as well as grapes that grow directly after the Filoxera plague.

The current variety composition is very diverse, as we can find here Riesling, Traminer, Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Pinot gris, as well as Cabernet sauvignon ,  Merlot,  Blaufränkisch ,  Pinot noir and Syrah varieties.